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13:23 Use a Minimum of Two Radio Buttons

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13:23 Use a Minimum of Two Radio Buttons

Relative Importance:

Relative Importance rating of 2 out of 5

Strength of Evidence:

Strength of Evidence rating of 2 out of 5

Document Type: Guideline


Screen-Based Controls (Widgets)


Never use one radio button alone.


Use at least two radio buttons together. If users can choose not to activate any of the radio button choices, provide a choice labeled ’None.’


  • Bailey, R.W. (1996). Human performance engineering: Designing high quality professional user interfaces for computer products, applications and systems (3rd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
  • Fowler, S. (1998). GUI Design Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Marcus, A., Smilonich, N., & Thompson, L. (1995). The Cross-GUI Handbook. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.