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3:12 Provide Frame Titles

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3:12 Provide Frame Titles

Relative Importance:

Relative Importance rating of 2 out of 5

Strength of Evidence:

Strength of Evidence rating of 2 out of 5

Document Type: Guideline




To ensure accessibility, provide frame titles that facilitate frame identification and navigation.


Frames are used to divide the browser screen into separate areas, with each area presenting different, but usually related, information. For example, a designer may use a frame to place navigational links in the left page, and put the main information in a larger frame on the right side. This allows users to scroll through the information section without disturbing the navigation section. Clear and concise frame titles enable people with disabilities to properly orient themselves when frames are used.


  • Chisholm, W., Vanderheiden, G., & Jacobs, I., Eds. (1999f). Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0. Retrieved November 2005, from, Checkpoint 12.1.
  • United States Government, Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (amended in 1998), Section 508. Retrieved November 2005, from

Good Example:

Providing frame titles like that circled will allow users with visual impairments to understand the purpose of the frames content or its function. Note that the right frame does not contain a title, and thus poses accessibility concerns.


Related Resources:

  • Title: Section 508
    Description: Section 508 requires that Federal agencies' electronic and information technology is accessible to people with disabilities. IT Accessibility & Workforce Division, in the U.S. General Services Administration's Office of Governmentwide Policy, has been charged with the task of educating Federal employees and building the infrastructure necessary to support Section 508 implementation. Using this web site, Federal employees and the public can access resources for understanding and implementing the requirements of Section 508.
  • Title: Web Accessibility Initiative
    Description: Guidelines widely regarded as the international standard for Web accessibility
  • Title: WebAIM Section 508 Checklist
    Description: Provides a checklist of 508 items for HTML.